# Matlab's Very Real Problems¶

Here, Mathworks discusses reasons to choose Matlab over Python.

Function names and signatures are familiar and memorable, making them as easy to write as they are to read.

Try again Mathworks. Matlab's function signatures don't even support multiple outputs like some other nice languages I could name: **cough** Python **cough**...

The matrix-based MATLAB language lets you express math directly. Linear algebra in MATLAB is intuitive and concise. The same is true for data analytics, signal and image processing, control design, and other applications.

This is somewhat superficial... I guess you need 7 extra character in Python to declare an array in Python. After the initial work of 7 characters, everything between Python in Matlab linear algebra wise is more or less comparable...

```
#initial setup, done once
from numpy import array
#array(...) is 7 characters long, not including the "..."
my_matrix = array([[1,2,3],[4,5,6]])
```

The desktop environment is tuned for iterative engineering and scientific workflows.

Is this why Matlab STILL doesn't support code browsing in the IDE?

Mathwork's last argument reads something like this and sums up the rest of their arguments:

Engineers are not computer scientists - so we made computing easy with a

naturallanguage...

What??!!

First of all - electrical engineers **WERE** the first computer scientists. As well as mathematicians, chemists, and biologists... Computer Science didn't nominally exist until the late 60s or early 70's depending on who you ask.

What Mathworks is really trying to hide is that Matlab is just a very dated programming language, and even when it was young - Matlab simply ignored many standard programming practices of the era.

# Matlab Doesn't Have Types¶

OK - that is not entirely true - but types were added as an afterthought. The following code snippet will highlight the problem...

```
>> a = [1 2 3 4; 5 6 7 8]
a =
1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8
>> a(1,1)
ans =
1
>> a(1,2)
ans =
2
```

Ok... So we use parentheses to index into array elements. So, what if we want to get the size of array a, does Matlab return the result to me as an array?

If so - I should be able to index into elements of that array right?

```
>> size(a)
ans =
2 4
>> size(a)(1)
Error: Indexing with parentheses '()' must appear as the last operation of a
valid indexing expression.
```

**NOPE**Not even close!!! And literally every other programming language I can think of from the top of my head supports this... C, Python,...

So in modern programming languages, to resolve an operator on an object, the `type`

erm these days `class`

of the object is evaluated before looking up the implementation of the operator for the class.

Matlab's behavior here leads me to believe `size`

is a rather old function - (1984 anyone?), and as soon as Matlab's parser sees size, it chokes because `()`

after `size`

probably isn't part of the original Matlab grammar.

Let me just take a moment to let off steam about the fact that Matlab is one-indexed instead of zero-indexed unlike literally **EVERY** other language in existance.

OK... technically - the spiritual parent of Matlab, Fortran, is one-indexed by default, but, you can change that in Fortran - not so in Matlab.

Anyways - back to business - so it turns out that we can actually index into the result returned by the size function...

```
>> my_size = size(a)
my_size =
2 4
>> my_size(1)
ans =
2
```

# I Thought You Said that Wasn't Possible...¶

So yes - it is possible - otherwise many of Mathwork's *engineers* would have a fit(it turns out to be quite important to be able determine matrix dimensions in Linear Algebra).

So what's the problem here? `size(a)(1)`

*should* work. Basically, it boils down to the sad fact that Matlab has a spaghetti implementation of a type system.

Similar idiosyncrasies plague the implementation of Matlab's classes, import behaviors and more.

# Python Syntax - just easier as expected...¶

```
>>> from numpy import array
>>> a = array([[1,2,3,4],[5,6,7,8]])
>>> a
array([[1, 2, 3, 4],
[5, 6, 7, 8]])
>>> a.shape
(2, 4)
>>> a.shape[0]
2
>>> a.shape[1]
4
```

Python can do virtually everything that Matlab can do just as fast and in some cases even faster, especially in Machine Learning with Google and Facebook pouring millions into Python C++ ML backends. Mathworks simply doesn't have that bandwidth.

But of course Mathworks didn't mention this in their article. I'll just assume they forgot :)